Lubomirski


The Lubomirskiís is a powerful magnate family of the arms Srzeniava(Sreniawa), who have come to the history of Podillia and Bratslavshchina of XVIII century as Coat of arms "Srzeniava"the owners of "Coast of Dniester". The arms Srzeniava - on the red field there is a white river, which twists on the deformed line from the right top to the bottom of the left corner. Under a helmet and a crown, between two pipes, on each of which there are four bells, a lion comes out.

The Lubomirskiís became known in political circles of Rich Pospoplita at the end of XV - beginning of XVI centuries, when Felix Lubomirskiy founded so-called prince branch of the family.
His grandson Sebastian was the first among the Lubomirskiís to become the senator, then he became related to the Konetspolskiís and in 1592 he received a title of the count "of Sacred Roman empire" in Vishnevtsi - the old
fatherland of the Kmityís. In the middle of XVII century the Lubomirskiís begin to apply for serious influence in Rich Pospolita.

Ezi-Sebastian Lubomirskiy organized in 1665 the known nobiliary "rockosh" - the open armed revolt against the king. The sons of Ezi-Sebastian founded four lines of the Lubomirski house - Lanchutska, Janovetska, Zeshuvska and Pshevorska.

The representative of the Zeshuvska line - Ieronim-Avgust - soon received a title of a great crowned hetman. His activity was directly connected with Bratslavshchina and Podillia. In 1671 Ieronim Lubomirskiy organized on these lands the military campaign against the army of the hetman of Right-bank Ukraine Petro Doroshenko, took Vinnitsa, Kalnick and Mogilyov by assault. Then he was elected as the military representative to the Sejm from knights near Bratslav. In a year Ieronim-Avgust LubomirskiyIeronim Lubomirskiy fought against turkish forces of the sultan Magomet IV, which have intruded on the lands of Podillia.

A considerable place in Podollian history is occured by the representatives of Lanchutska branch of the family of Lubomirski, especially Anoniy and Stanislav, who actively bought up grounds in Pridnistrovie. The last one was a rather picturesque figure. Stanislav Lubomirskiy (1704-1793) lived in epoch of decline of Rich Pospolita, and the methods of his activity completely corresponded to that period. In particular, by deciding to appropriate huge possession, which remained after the Konetspolskiís, he did not stop before the real swindle, and the territory of Smilianshchina was taken from the competitors by force.

In 1764 S. Lubomirskiy became the governor of Bratslav. Considerable possession of Podillia belonged to Martin Lubomirskiy from Janovetska branch of theEzi-Sebastian Lubomirskiy family. He posessed the Bar province - one of those boundary provinces, which always was a tidbit for steppe nomads. And though Martin Lubomirskiy lived in XVIII century and it was impossible for him to be at war on a steppe boundary, he left a trace in history as a real adventurer (an adventurer with the shoulder-straps of lieutenant-general of the crown army Ė an interesting combination!).

Unlike many magnate families, the family of Lubomirski didn't end.
On the contrary, in later times, in XIX century, it gave the world many significant scientists, public figures and musicians.
Among them - composers Kazimir and Vladislav Lubomirski, archaeologist Genrick Lubomirskiy, historian Jan Tadeush Lubomirskiy, a poet and philanthropist Edvard Lubomirskiy.